Multi Step Income Statement Format, Examples How to Prepare?

easy to prepare

Another measurement available from the multi- income statement is operating income. Like gross profit, operating income provides business owners with more detailed information on company profitability rather than focusing solely on net income. One of the biggest differences between a single-step income statement and a multi-step income statement is the ability to calculate gross profit. This metric is important for business owners that need more detailed information on both business profitability and financial performance. Non-operating revenues and expenses are then added to or subtracted operating income in order to calculate income before taxes. Non-operating items are those revenues and expenses that do not pertain to the company’s normal operations such as dividend income, interest income and expense, and income tax expense.


When calculating gross profit, no other expenditures are included apart from the cash inflow from the sale of goods and cash outflow from the purchase of goods. Gross profit is the first section of a multi-step income statement, and it is obtained by deducting the cost of goods sold from the total sales. It shows how profitable a company is in manufacturing or selling its products.

Benefits of Multi-Step Income Statement

SuperMoney strives to provide a wide array of offers for our users, but our offers do not represent all financial services companies or products. There is a need to report on gross profit, which is important because it shows how effectively labor and supplies are used to generate revenue. Total operating revenue to arrive at my total operating income. If you need to borrow money to cover seasonal cash flow fluctuations, a business line of credit, rather than a term loan, provides the flexibility you likely need.

profit and loss

There are several defining characteristics of multi-step income statements. For example, they include several income and expense categories, they present net income as a separate line item, and they often include a reconciliation of net income to cash flow from operating activities. Multi-step income statements also typically include several non-operating items, such as interest expense and income taxes. The major headings on a multi-step income statement are revenue, gross profit, operating income, non-operating income, and net income. Together, these sections provide a detailed overview of a company’s financial performance.

When a business should use a multi-step income statement

As a small business, you have two options for preparing an income statement — a single-step income statement or a multi-step income statement. Both types of income statements will show the profits, expenses, and revenues of your business for a given reporting period. Single step vs multi step income statements means the difference between simple and detailed income statements. A multi step income statement includes subtotals for gross profit, operating expenses, and non-operating expenses. A single step income statement lists line items for revenues and costs and expenses with no subtotals, reaching a total for net income as the bottom line.

  • It includes income from the sales of products and services, as well any money received from non-primary activities, such as the sale of equipment or interest received.
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  • It reports the gross profit, subtracts operating expenses, and subtracts nonoperating expenses to reach net income.
  • A multi-step income statement can be prepared using either the accrual basis or the cash basis of accounting.
  • Once all the items of Non-operating head are totaled, the net income for the period is computed by deducting or adding the total of the non-operating head from or to the income from operations.

A multi step income statement is often used to make GAAP financial statements. This financial report format can be generated automatically by your business accounting software or ERP system. After review and approval by financial management, it can be distributed to authorized internal users. To prepare a multi-step income statement, you need to select your reporting period and then follow these basic steps.

Single-Step vs. Multi-Step Income Statements

In contrast to a multi-step income statement, the Dana Incorporated income statement is single-step mainly. The income statement doesn’t show Gross profit, separate and calculate Total Operating expenses, or calculate Total Operating income. An example of a multi step income statement is Arrow Electronics, Inc.’s Consolidated Statements of Operations for the calendar years ended December 31, 2021, 2020, and 2019.

Operating income, meaning operating revenues and expenses, are those income and cost items that result from normal business operations. Whereas, non-operating income and expenses are those items that don’t result from normal business operations, such as interest expenses or investment gains. While preparing an income statement for small businesses, reporting can be done in two forms either in single-step income statement or as multi-step income statement. The selection of income statement depends upon the type of business and the purpose of creating the income statement. Both types of income statements either a single-step or a multi-step income statements show the expenses, revenue, and the profit /loss generated in the business for the specific accounting period. A single-step income statement offers a simple report of a business’s profit, using a single equation to calculate net income.

Non-operating items, including non-operating revenues, non-operating expenses, and non-operating gains , are shown separately from operating revenues and operating expenses. With this separation in financial reporting, you can analyze ongoing business operations separately from non-operating items. The larger organization can use these to analyze a company’s performance for the financial period and set a budget for the major revenue and expense categories for the next financial period. They may also choose to present their single-step income statements along with their other detailed financial statements for users who prefer the financials to be presented in this format.

There are a few ways to calculate revenue from your single-step statement. An income statement is a document that summarizes the revenue brought in by a business, minus all costs incurred to generate that revenue. Next, we add other revenue and expense items to find income before taxes. The required information has been provided to us in the form of the adjusted trial balance. Looking over the company’s operations, we are made aware that lending, borrowing, and investing are not part of the company’s core operations.

Finance Strategists is a leading financial literacy non-profit organization priding itself on providing accurate and reliable financial information to millions of readers each year. What you need to do depends on your type of business, so consult with an accountant or other professional if you have questions about how to use the numbers in your one-step statement. This includes sole proprietorships, corporations, and even nonprofits. It’s also perfect for businesses that are just starting out, as it provides basic numbers without spending too much time or effort on calculations.

Pro tip — For most small businesses, a single-step income statement is all that owners will need in order to assess the financial health of their company. A multi-step income statement gives the details of the operating expenses and operating revenues as well as the non-operating expenses and revenues. Single-step income statements compute net income with a single equation making them easier to use, and yet they still allow a business to see its profits or losses. The multi-step income statement helps users in analyzing the performance of the business.

In addition, the single-plant assets income statement is useful to small businesses whose operations are unsophisticated. The small businesses find the single-step income statement easy because most of them do not have professional accountants on retainer. The non-operating and other section lists all business revenues and expenses that don’t relate to the business’ principle activities. For example, our retailer isn’t in the business of receiving insurance proceeds. If a tree hit the building and the insurance company paid out a small settlement, the income would not be reported with total sales. It would be reported in the non-operating and other section because it doesn’t have anything to do with sales.

A single step does not show gross profit, and therefore provides a mere glimpse at how a company earned income. Gross profit is found in the top part of the multi-step income statement. First, you need to calculate net sales (the sum of a company’s sales minus returns, discounts, and allowances). Both a single step and multi step income statement have advantages for reporting. Additionally, a multi-step income statement divides operating revenue and expenses from non-operating to pinpoint net profit.

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This total expense line is subtracted from the gross profit computed in the first section to arrive at the company’s operating income. In preceding chapters, we illustrated the income statement with only two categories—revenues and expenses. In contrast, a multi-step income statement divides both revenues and expenses into operating and nonoperating items. The statement also separates operating expenses into selling and administrative expenses. A multi-step income statement is also called a classified income statement.

type of income

Gross profit is the result of subtracting the cost of providing the company’s goods or services (i.e., cost of goods sold) from the revenues earned by selling these goods or services. Note that any sales discounts and allowances are also subtracted from sales revenues in this section. GAAP permits businesses to file either a single-step income statement or a multi-step income statement, depending on the company’s structure. This article will discuss the key differences, which businesses should use which format, and the advantages and disadvantages of each format.

A single-step income statement is a simpler approach that saves time and costs; moreover, it can be conducted in different conditions. However, the data acquired by using this method can be limited and not enough for making conclusions. A simple multiple step income statement separates income, expenses, gains, and losses into two meaningful sub-categories called operating and non-operating.

Using your accounting knowledge, fill in the blanks in the following separate income statements a through e. The articles and research support materials available on this site are educational and are not intended to be investment or tax advice. All such information is provided solely for convenience purposes only and all users thereof should be guided accordingly. Any business that wants to keep track of the money coming in and going out. You can use a single-step income statement for sole proprietorships, corporations, and other types of entities. A single-step income statement might not be accurate because there are no calculations related to costs.

Credit Balance in Accounts Receivable
The Making Of A Multi Step Income Statement

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